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Tuesday, May 5, 2009

FORMS OF BHAIRAVA

This is part IV of Shiva the Supreme. There are eight types of Bhairavas and they are called ashta Bhairavas. They are Asithanga Bhairavar, Ruru Bhairavar, Chanda Bhairavar, Krodha Bhairavar, Unmatta Bhairavar, Kapala Bhairavar, Bhishana Bhairavar and Samhara Bhairavar. Apart from these eight forms there is yet another form called Swarna akarshana Bahiravar. Maha Bhairavar is said to be Shiva himself. Normally in Shiva temples idols of Bhairava are situated in the north facing, southern direction. He is also called Keshetrabalar. He appears in a standing position with four hands. His weapons are drum, pasam, trine and skull. In some forms of Bhairava, there are more than four hands. He appears without dress and with a dog. His weapons, dog, protruding teeth, terrifying looks, garland with red flowers all these give him a frightening appearance. In all Shiva temples, regular pooja rituals begin with Sun and ends with Bhairavar. Bhairavar likes ghee bath (abhishekam), red flowers, ghee lamp, unbroken coconut, honey, boiled food, fibrous fruits etc. If a Bhairavar idol is facing west it is good; facing south is moderate; facing east is not good. The right time to pray to Bhairava is midnight. During midnight it is said that Bhairava and his consort Bahiravi (LS 276) are together and will give darshan to their devotees. The most appropriate time is Friday midnight. There are eight types of flowers and leaves used in archana to Bhairavar. The eight Bhairavas are said to represent five elements viz. Akash, air, fire, water and earth and other three being sun, moon and atma. Each of the eight Bhairavas are different in appearance, have different weapons, different vahanas and they bless their devotees with eight types of wealth representing ashta Lakshmis. Continuous worship of Bhairava leads the worshipper to a great Guru. There are separate dhyan slokas and moola mantras to all the eight Bhairavas. Apart from the ashta Bhairavas there is one more important Bhairava called Swarna akarshana Bhairavar. He has red complexion and clothed in golden dress. He has moon in his head. He has four hands. In one of the hands he carries a golden vessel. He gives wealth and prosperity. Performing pooja on Tuesdays gives quick results. Akasha Bhairavar is called Sarabeshwarar. In some of the ancient texts he is said to have 32 hands, shape of a bird, golden complexion, terrible teeth, and human form above the hip. Worshipping him destroys enemies. It is generally believed that worshipping Bhairavar gives prosperity, success and good progeny, prevents premature death and solution to debts and liabilities. Different forms of Bhairava evolve only from Shiva, who is called the Maha Bhairava.

37 comments:

  1. respected sir,
    you gave an enchanting account of lord bhairava...the most mistaken god.the descriptions made by you,i think,will clear the doubts about the authenticity of this lord.but, however, i plea to you to guide me more on this line by telling me where i can find a higher level learning about this lord. hoping to hear from you soon....namasthe...anil

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  2. Ravi, if Akasha Bhairavar is called Sarabeshwarar. Then what is air, fire, water, earth, sun, moon, atma Bhairavars called.

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    1. I am not sure. As far as my knowledge goes, they only preside over eight cardinals and they do not represent air, etc.

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  3. Ravi, please give the astha Lakshmis names/bijas/mantras. Why have you disabled copy? I just can't believe you do this!

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    1. I do not understand what you mean by "disabled copy"? Please elaborate.

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    2. Yes, now I understand it is due to copyright issue. Now you should be able to copy. If not please write to me again.

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  4. Ravi, this what you wrote above - 1) "The eight Bhairavas are said to represent five elements viz. Akash, air, fire, water and earth and other three being sun, moon and atma".
    2) "Performing pooja on Tuesdays gives quick results", To whom? - Swarna akarshana Bhairavar?

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    1. Tuesday pūja-s are only for Svarna akarshana Bhairavar. Yes I have written. I will check on that and come back to you.

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  5. Ravi which is correct Swarna or Svarna. Can you say what this pooja is like - is there any mantras.

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    1. It is svarNa (svarṇa). In IAST w is not used. This is the mantra for Śrī Svarṇākarṣaṇa Bhairava. There innumerable versions of this mantra and all of them are wrong in some way or other. This mantra is used to alleviate financial problems.

      ॐ ऐं ह्रीं श्रीं ऐं श्रीं आपदूद्धान्णाय ह्रां ह्रीं ह्रूं अजामलबद्धाय लोकेश्वराय श्रीस्वर्णाकर्षणभैरवाय मम दारिध्रविद्वेषणाय महाभैरवाय नमः श्रीं ह्रीं ऐं

      om aiṁ hrīṁ śrīṁ aiṁ śrīṁ āpadūddhānṇāya hrāṁ hrīṁ hrūṁ ajāmalabaddhāya lokeśvarāya śrīsvarṇākarṣaṇabhairavāya mama dāridhravidveṣaṇāya mahābhairavāya namaḥ śrīṁ hrīṁ aiṁ

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    2. Please elaboratly tell about kalabhairava. that is one very important aspect of shiva. batuka bhairava is another form. Is it possible to differentiate between kala and batuka bhairava.
      regards

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    3. I have noted down this. I will do this shortly.

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    4. Please differentiate between kala and batuka bhairava.

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    5. Vaṭuka Bhairava: He has three eyes and a red body He carries in his hands a trident, pāśa (rope), a drum, a skull. He is surrounded by demons. He is also known as Baṭuka Bhairava

      Kāla Bhairava: He is one of the fierce form of Shiva and protects the holy city of Varanasi,(kaasi). He is accompanied by a dog. He is said to destroy all sins completely if he is properly worshiped. He is said to carry sword, trident, drum and a skull.

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    6. Sir Can you please tell me where we can get Swarnakarshana Bhairava Ashtakam

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    7. I checked for this but I am not able to find one. Every texts refer only to Kālabhairavāṣṭakam. If you know the source, please let me know.

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  6. Namaskaram
    Have a clarification to ask
    The svarnakarshana sloka - om aim hreem shreem ..... is it ok for anybody to say this - i have heard such slokas are more mantras and should be taken from a Guru before chanting.. would appreciate if this could be clarified

    Tks - Rajan

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  7. Mantras will fructify only if properly initiated. We see bags of paddy, but only those which are properly sown only grown to produce paddy again. Similarly, mantras need to be initiated for fructification.

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  8. Thank you so much for the reply sir.
    However may I ask one more on this again -ofcourse not to cross question your sincere remarks but to just be clear - if you post the sloka, wont people like me take it to be ok to learn and recite them ourselves - just asking if it would be ok to do so

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  9. It needs a detailed reply. Yes, they should not be posted. If this is not posted here, these mantras are available in the market for a price. Secondly, many mantras are either in Sanskrit or in vernacular language. Those who are not aware of these languages are deprived of the beauty of these mantras. Further, most of the mantra texts do not explain these mantras. Even those are initiated into certain mantras are not aware of the intricate conveyance. Gurus are not available in every place. Those who are seriously interested to pursue the path of liberation will contemplate Shiva as their Guru and continue their path. Mantras act like catalysts and not a substitute for devotion. Why should someone be deprived of this catalyst? I know a few who have moved faster in spiritual path without initiation. They are initiated by Shiva Himself.

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  10. Thanks again Sir - your explanation makes a lot of logical sense - I have myself been contemplating on this particular thing for quite some time and this perspective is quite soothing Thank you so much again. Faith in Him yes

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  11. Dear Sir

    I seek your advise, whether I can keep Swarna Akarhana Bhairavar picture at home (in Pooja Room) for workship?

    If yes, please advise on what direction it should be facing?

    Regards

    V.Muralikumar

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    1. If the picture is old enough, you can surely keep this at home. The picture can face any direction except the South, which is meant for our ancestors.

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    2. Dear Sir

      Thanks for your reply. The picture is recently downloaded from Internet and planning to make photo print. Is it OK.

      Please advise.
      Regards
      V.MuraliKumar

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    3. You have to go with your mind. Your decision should be based on questions that will come to your mind when you progress in the spiritual path.

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  12. how to worship swarna akarshana bhairavar ? some say we should light lamp with groundnut oil, a red cloth which has white pepper inside it . is it so ? which is better ghee lamp or groundnut oil lamp ? pls tell the ways to worship the bhairavar at temple

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    1. It is always better to light lamps with ghee with white cloth. Use the mantra given in one of the comments above.

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  13. Dear Sir,
    I have been looking for Chand bhairav and Samhar bhairav Mantras for quite a while and have not been ale to find it anywhere. Could you please let us know these mantras ? Many thanks.

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  14. The following mantra of Saṁhāra Bhairava is taken from Vanadurgā Saptaśati.

    ॐ नमो भगवते संहार भैरवाय भूत प्रेत पिशाच ब्रह्म राक्षसान् उच्चाटय उच्चाटय संहारय संहारय सर्व भय छेदनं कुरु कुरु स्वाहा॥

    om namo bhagavate saṁhāra bhairavāya bhūta preta piśāca brahma rākṣasān uccāṭaya uccāṭaya saṁhāraya saṁhāraya sarva bhaya chedanaṁ kuru kuru svāhā ||

    I am not sure what do you mean by Chand Bhairava.

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  15. Asta bhairava names are 1 Sri Asithaanga Bhairavar
    2 Sri Ruru Bhairavar
    3 Sri Chanda Bhairavar
    4 Sri Krodha Bhairavar
    5 Sri Unmatha Bhairavar
    6 Sri Kapaala Bhairavar
    7 Sri Bheeshana Bhairavar
    8 Sri Samhaara Bhairavar
    But the namesa of bhairav in Varahi Yantra is different and new Can you explain thos eight names

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    1. I don't find any changes in Varahi yantra. They are the same. This verse is about eight Bhairavas.

      असिताङ्गो दिशि प्राच्यां आग्नेयां रुरु भैरवः।
      यांयां क्रोधोऽथ नैऋत्यां उन्मत्ताख्यास्तु भैरवः॥
      वारुण्यां तु कपालाख्यः वायव्यां भीषण भैरवः।
      उदीच्यं भैरवश्चण्डो ऐशे संहार भैरवः॥

      asitāṅgo diśi prācyāṁ āgneeyāṁ ruru bhairavaḥ |
      yāṁyāṁ krodho'tha naiṛtyāṁ unmattākhyāstu bhairavaḥ ||
      vāruṇyāṁ tu kapālākhyaḥ vāyavyāṁ bhīṣaṇa bhairavaḥ |
      udīcyaṁ bhairavaścaṇḍo aiśe saṁhāra bhairavaḥ ||

      However the order changes from what you have given in your comment.

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    2. Thanking You I will the names appearing in the following order clockwise.There is atleast one letter in front of 4th name of *marupa Bhairava
      1.Ekapatha Bhairava,
      2.Kala Bhaira,
      3.Karaalaga Bhairava,
      4.marupa Bhairava,
      5.Hethuka Bhairava,
      6.Thiripura Bhairava,
      7.Agni Bhairava,
      8.Jamajikava Bhairava

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  16. WHAT ARE THE BEST METHODS TO WORSHIP AND PLEASE LORD KALABHAIRAVA ? CAN WE OFFER GARLAND MADE OF BETEL LEAF ?

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  17. Sir i have taken serious effort to find samhara bhairava moola mantra with proper bija akshara's . can u help me find one sir

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    1. This is the mantra I have.

      ॐ नमो भगवते संहार भैरवाय भूत प्रेत पिशाच ब्रह्म राक्षसान् उच्चाटय उच्चाटय संहारय संहारय सर्व भय छेदनं कुरु कुरु स्वाहा॥

      om namo bhagavate saṁhāra bhairavāya bhūta preta piśāca brahma rākṣasān uccāṭaya uccāṭaya saṁhāraya saṁhāraya sarva bhaya chedanaṁ kuru kuru svāhā ||

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  18. honorable sir thank u very much sir and I m search for a rare document called seethala pathati, would u help to find one sir it has been long time since i saw the printed book long ago , pls and thank u again sir

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    1. I have no idea about this. Let us hope that someone posts this information here.

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