Out of the 12 tatwas we have discusses in Part III, we have already discussed about 10. The remaining two are Purusha and Prakrthi. Purusha: We have already seen that inner Self or atman is covered by maya. This is the right place to refer to “Thirukural”. In 360th verse of the Thirukural, saint Valluvar has said that by destroying the very names of lust, anger and delusion, there will be no rebirth. Maya is responsible for this three. That is why it is said that we have to get rid of maya. This stage of atman that is covered by maya is called purusha. We have already seen that Brahman is also covered by maya. This stage is the subjective manifestation. Purusha is the end result of “I am this”. Prakrthi: This is the objective manifestation of “I am this”.
Prakrthi has three gunas namely satwa, rajas and tamas. These three gunas originate from the three shakthies namely, Iccha, jnana and kriya. The existence prakrthi is based on the three gunas and the three shakthies. If purusha is the subject, then prakrthi is the object. If purusha is knowledge, then prakrthi is the knower of knowledge. Thus we have discussed about the 36 tatwas. Now let us understand how these 36 tatwas help us to understand the Brahman or realizing the Self inside. It can well be argued why we should learn these 36 tatwas? Can we not realise God within by just manifesting the God inside. No, it is difficult to manifest like this. We cannot obtain a doctorate without passing out from a school and a college. We have to learn numeric 1 to 9 first, and then only we can learn a higher numeric. We have to first learn the alphabets, before understanding words. After learning words, we can learn forming sentences. The same principle is applicable here also. We will conclude this topic in our subsequent postings.