Guru continues: During nirvikalpa samādhi (explained here – 1 and 2), you get ātmadarśan (in literal sense it is ‘seeing of soul’.) At this point, everything related to ajñāna and thought processes arising out of it are completely destroyed. I, you, this etc. arise out of tamo and rajo guṇa-s, influence the buddhi. During ātmadarśana, all such dualities are completely destroyed as you remain with Brahman. The one who pursues spiritual path, controls his mind and senses and completely stays away from the material world. With exemplary patience, he practices nirvikalpa samādhi (which dawns on him due to his perseverance and patience) and experiences omnipresence of Brahman. Ultimately, he becomes one with Brahman and lives in perpetual blissful state. Only those who actually experience oneness with the Brahman alone are liberated. Those who simply explain and discourse on Self-realization are not the ones who are blessed to have ātmadarśan. This is to be personally experienced and any amount of reading and listening will not help; only experience counts. Everyone is surrounded by upādhi-s (discriminative appellation; discrimination; unlimited things appear as limited like sky appearing as limited). If one is able to destroy all his upādhi-s, he shines, as he stays in nirvikalpa samādhi (most of the time). There is an example for this. A bee worm always lives in fear that the mother bee would sting it. Ultimately the bee worm is stung by mother bee and the worm becomes bee itself. Similarly, the one who aspires for liberation always thinks about the Self, finally becomes Self. Principle of Brahman is extremely subtle and cannot be understood by looking at the material world. Brahman can be realized only through purest mind and only through nirvikalpa samādhi (if mind is afflicted even by 1%, nirvikalpa samādhi cannot be attained.) Gold attains purity, after putting it repeatedly in fire. Similarly, one’s mind is purified from the afflictions of guṇa-s and through intense meditation, he understands ātma tattva. His mind becomes purer with practice over a period of time he attains Brahman. He moves from savikalpa samādhi to nirvikalpa samādhi and finally remains in the state of perpetual bliss.

“Because of remaining in nirvikalpa samādhi, all his vāsanā-s are destroyed. Soon after all his vāsanā-s are destroyed, internally, externally and in all the places, he sees only the illumination of his Ātma, without any effort (without any practice). It is better to ponder over tattva-s rather than listening to discourses on Vedānta. It is better to practice nididhyāsana (profound and repeated meditation) rather than pondering over tattva-s, which is several times better than pondering over tattva-s. Nirvikalpa samādhi is infinite times better than nididhyāsana. Brahma tattva can be understood only through nirvikalpa samādhi and not by any other means. Only in nirvikalpa samādhi, mind is fixed on Brahman steadfastly. Otherwise, waves of thoughts arise in the mind, which will pull you down from your spiritual path. Therefore, my dear disciple, by controlling your indriya-s and by steadfastly fixing your mind on Brahman, destroy darkness arising out of avidyā. Silence, ignoring all those that are not essential for our living (aparigraha - any possession besides the necessary utensils of ascetics), vairāgya, lack of desires and by remaining in seclusion are the first steps towards yoga. If you live in seclusion, it helps you to stay away from indriya-s. If you control your indriya-s, your mind is controlled automatically. If your mind is controlled, ego is discarded. Only after this, you experience essence of brahmānanda (Bliss). Therefore, it is important that you control your mind to realize Brahman and attain peace. This is the state of saccidānanda.

“Vairāgya (indifference to worldly objects and to life) is very important for spiritual life. It is only the vairāgya, which is the cause of internal and external renunciation and leads to liberation. The one with vairāgya, does not associate himself with the material world and his antaḥkaraṇa (mind, intellect and ego) and gets ready to renounce. My dear disciple! Listen. For a bird, its two wings are important. Similarly, for the one who wants to pursue spiritual path, vairāgya and viveka (the power of separating the invisible Self from the visible world) are like two wings to a bird. One wing alone will not be of any use to a bird and similarly either one of them (vairāgya and viveka) will not be of any use in the path of liberation. One can enter into samādhi only if he has vairāgya. Ultimate knowledge will be imparted only during samādhi. Because of these reasons, detach from everything for the sake of your liberation, always fix your mind only on the Self. Listen to my advice. Viṣaya-s (anything perceptible by the senses, any object of affection or concern or attention, any special worldly object or aim or matter, sensual enjoyment, etc.) are like poison. Get rid of attachment on viṣaya-s. Desires lead to death. Shed your ego and go beyond your religion, caste and creed. Fix your consciousness only on Brahman. In reality you are only a witness, because you are that immaculate Brahman.

“Brahman is the ultimate goal of meditation. Fix your mind on That only. Keep your body firm and steady. Do not give any importance to pampering of your body. By continuously meditating on the Self, you will experience bliss. You have to work towards this goal and everything else is waste of time. Any thought that is not related to the Self is impure and is the cause for all sorrows. Shed all those thoughts and always meditate on the ever illuminating Self. Your only goal should be attaining Brahman through perpetual meditation.”