PATANJALI YOGA SUTRAS - 2

Sunday, March 26, 2017

Patañjali begins vibhūti pāda by talking about dhāraṇā. Dhāraṇā means to exercise concentration, firmness and steadfastness, which is generally called concentration, which is very important in quality meditation. In the beginning stages of meditation, it is difficult to meditate without an object. Hence Patañjali advices to have an object for meditation. At this stage, quality of meditation depends upon our ability to fix attention on the object without distraction. First, the object of meditation is to be looked at without winking. After sometime, eyes can be closed softly and the object of meditation can be seen in our mind. Our sincerity and frequency are important to see the object in our mind. This object will appear in our mind only for a short time and with persistent practice, the object can be fixed in the mind and this is called contemplation. Mind by default, always wanders. If we are able to develop our concentration, we can experience quality meditation. Practice and perseverance are important.

Meditation is nothing but fixing our attention continuously on the object that is to be known. The word continuously is important here. This continuity is explained; it is like transferring oil from one vessel to another vessel. When we transfer oil from one vessel to another, the flow of oil will be continuous and without any break. Our concentration should be like this, without any break. How to ascertain whether our meditation is good or not? In quality meditation, we feel that we have meditated only for five minutes and in reality we would meditated for over an hour. In quality meditation, we forget the place where we meditate and the duration of meditation. In higher stages, we also tend to forget about our breathing and physical body (this is known as losing of our consciousness). Here, the mind forgets about the physical body (which includes sensory organs). In this stage, we may tend to hear inexplicable sounds during meditation. It is not necessary that one should hear these sounds. Some may have this sound and others may not have. Quality of meditation does not depend upon this.

Further extension of the above stage (losing of our consciousness) is known as samādhi (trance). Samādhi cannot be practiced and has to be experienced in quality meditation. The very purpose of meditation is to enter into samādhi state. In infantile meditation, there are three categories – the meditator, the act of meditating and the object of meditation. But in samādhi, all the three become one and in fact, they dissolve into nothingness (nothingness is known as Nirguṇa Brahman). Though there are different types of samādhi-s, only two types of samādhi-s are important. They are sabīja or savikalpa samādhi and nirbīja or nirvikalpa samādhi. Bīja means seed; savikalpa means possessing variety or admitting of distinctions, differentiated, admitting of an alternative or option or doubt, optional, doubtful. In sabīja or savikalpa samādhi, there are desires in the mind in the form of a seed or seeds, which may sprout to give rise to more and more desires. That is why, it is always said that if one has too many doubts (most of them are due to inadequate spiritual knowledge) in spiritual life, he or she may not be able to meditate properly and as a result, cannot enter into samādhi state. During nirbīja or nirvikalpa samādhi, there are no seeds to sprout and hence, there will be no desires. All the desires are self-centred. When we think about others and their happiness and welfare, there is no possibility of any thoughts, whatsoever. When a person is able to stay in nirvikalpa samādhi for long period, he becomes a jīvanmukta. A jīvanmukta does not appear differently from others; he lives just like others. He dresses like an ordinary person, without saffron clothing, beads around his neck nor wears any religious signs. Attaining the jīvanmukta state is the ultimate benefit of samādhi. They are liberated during this birth, waiting for their karmas to get over. They engage themselves in serving humanity, teaching spiritual path to others, showering love and compassion on animals and birds. It is not necessary for a jīvanmukta to live in an isolated place. He will lead a normal life, eat normal food sleep normally like everyone. But, he has no ego and self-centeredness.

Further reading on different types of samādhi-s – GURUJI SPEAKS

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PATANJALI YOGA SUTRAS - 1

Saturday, March 25, 2017

Patañjali Yoga Sūtra-s has 196 aphorisms, classified under four chapters. First Chapter is known as samādhi pāda and has 51 aphorisms. Second chapter is known as sādhana pāda and has 55 aphorisms. These two chapters deal with the practice of controlling the mind and to enter into different stages of meditation. Third chapter is known as vibhūti pāda and has 56 aphorisms. This chapter deals with siddhis (super human powers) that we may acquire due to sincerity and intensity of practice, as explained in the first two chapters. Fourth chapter is known as kaivalya pāda and has 34 aphorisms.

We have covered chapters one and two through various articles on meditation. Now, we will take up for brief study, chapters three and four vibhūti pāda and kaivalya pāda.

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AVADHŪTA GĪTĀ - 7

Sunday, March 12, 2017

Bhagavān Dattātreya continues:  

Upaniṣad-s explain how māyā projects objects as different things from Brahman (It is the māyā that makes us to think that the objects we see are real and different from Brahman; the fact is that everything is Brahman, hence It is called Omnipresent or all pervasive). Brahman is not divisible (hence omnipresent) and hence, there cannot be any comparison for a non-dual Brahman (comparison is possible only if more than one object is present). It is free from actions (hence It is called inert). When Brahman is indivisible, how can It be ritualistically worshiped? The intellect of Brahman is inexplicable (Taittirīya Upaniṣad says, “satyaṁ jñānaṁ anantaṁ ...Read More

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Avadhūta Upaniṣad

Sunday, February 26, 2017

Avadhūta Upaniṣad reveals the highest form of Advaita Vedanta, generally taught to saṁnyāsins. This is because, a normal spiritual aspirant cannot understand its precepts, as it purely dwells on Nirguṇa Brahman. This is in the form of conversation between sage Sāṅkṛti and Bhagavān Dattātreya, who is the sixth incarnation of Lord Viṣṇu. Avadhūta means discarded; contextually it refers to the one, who has discarded all worldly feelings and obligations. Avadhūta Upaniṣad comes under Kṛṣṇa Yajur Veda. Avadhūta Upaniṣad is different from Avadhūta Gītā, though both are the teachings of Bhagavān Dattātreya.

Who is an Avadhūta? Bhagavān Dattātreya explains.

 ...Read More

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SRI SUKTAM - Part 12 (Concluding Part)

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

In the original Khilasūkta, there are 29 verses, out of which we have discussed 16 verses so far. These 16 verses are the main part of Śrī Sūktam. Now the balance of 13 verses are being discussed. These verses do not form part of homa procedure of Śrī Sūktam.

पद्मानने पद्मविपद्मपत्रे पद्मदलायदाक्षि।

विश्वप्रिये विष्णुमनोनुकूले त्वत्पादपद्मं मयि सं नि धत्स्व॥ १७

padmānane padmavipadmapatre padmadalāyadākṣi |

viśvapriye ...Read More

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DAKSHINA KALI MANTRA JAPA

Friday, December 23, 2016

Śrī Dakṣiṇakālī Mahā Mantraḥ || श्री दक्षिणकाली महा मन्त्रः॥

  1. ṣyādi nyāsaḥ ऋष्यादि न्यासः

अस्य श्री दक्षिणकाली महामन्त्रस्य। भैरव ऋषिः। उष्णिक् छन्दः। दक्षिणकालिका देवता॥
asya śrī dakṣiṇakālī mahāmantrasya | bhairava ṛṣiḥ । (open the right palm and touch the top of the forehead | uṣṇik chandaḥ (right palm on the mouth) । dakṣiṇakālikā devatā || (right palm on the heart chakra)
क्रीं ...Read More

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SHIVA PANCHAKSHARI MANTRA JAPA

Saturday, December 17, 2016

श्री शिवपञ्चाक्षरी महामन्त्रः Śrī Śivapañcākṣarī Mahāmantraḥ

  1. ṣyādi nyāsaḥ ऋष्यादि न्यासः

अस्य श्री शिवपञ्चाक्षरी महामन्त्रस्य। वामेदेव ऋषिः। पङ्क्तिछन्दः। सांबपरमेश्वरो देवता॥

asya śrī śivapañcākṣarī mahāmantrasya । Vāmedeva ṛṣiḥ|(open the right palm and touch the top of the forehead)| ...Read More

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Spiritual Journey - 20

Sunday, January 01, 2017

Avadhūta and Paramahaṁsa are essentially jīvanmukta-s. After evolving into a jīvanmukta, one decides how he or she pursues his or her life, till he or she becomes videhamukta (mokṣa – after death). Only a yogi can evolve into a jīvanmukta. A perfect yogi is the one, who has realized the Self within. He is shaped into a yogi by his Guru, without whom, imparting higher spiritual knowledge and practice is not possible. All Advaita Scriptures ultimately convey that Brahman is within and what is within, pervades the entire universe. This essence is conveyed to his disciples by a Guru. There are hundreds of Scriptures in Advaita such as Upaniṣad-s, Bhagavad Gītā, Yoga Vāsiṣṭha, Pañcadaśi, etc. Each of these Scriptures reveal Brahman ...Read More

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ŚRĪ DURGĀ SAPTAŚLOKĪ

Saturday, December 03, 2016

श्री दुर्गा सप्तश्लोकी Śrī Durgā Saptaślokī

Śrī Durgā Saptaślokī consist of seven verses, which is considered as the essence of Śrī Durgā Saptaśatī, also known as Śrī Devī Māhātmyam consisting of 700 verses. It is said that Śrī Durgā Saptaślokī should be chanted daily, three times. It is also said that proper recitation of this removes, poverty, ailments, fear and mental afflictions.

ज्ञानिनामपि चेतांसि देवी भगवति हि सा।

बलादाकृष्य मोहाय महामाया प्रयच्छति॥ ...Read More

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MANTRA RĀJA PADA STOTRAM

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

श्री मन्त्रराज पद स्तोत्रम्॥ Śrī Mantrarāja Pada Stotram ||

Śrī Mantrarāja Pada Stotram is one of the powerful mantras. It cures serious diseases and ailments. It also gives knowledge, wealth and all types of auspiciousness. It is said that this hymn should be recited, first with mantra rāja mantra which is given below (commencing with om ugraṁ vīraṁ mahāviṣṇuṁ).  There are highlighted words in each of the first ten verses. If we place these words one after another, we will get mantra rāja mantra. There are eleven verses in this hymn and one verse for phalaśruti. There is a YouTube clipping at the end of this article for correct pronunciation, ...Read More

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Chakra Cleansing and Energisation

Monday, June 13, 2016

This is another audio in YouTube for cleansing and energising psychic chakras. Duration of this audio is 15 minutes. This is different from YouTube audio uploaded for kundalini meditation which includes turya and turyātītā stages. This audio is meant for practicing cleansing and energizing chakras.

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Kundalini Meditation - Video

Friday, August 01, 2014

This audio is on kundalini meditation for turya and turyātīta stages. Duration of this audio is 30 minutes. 

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